Very strange that Muslims unnecessarily criticize on valor of Sikhs, their guru-Guru Gobind Singh who gave Amrit which inherits in the veins of khalsa and inspire them to get martyred in battlefield even this day also.
Recently I saw a post on Facebook where a Muslim used derogatory words against honor of 10th Master and criticized on his role in battle of Chamkaur Sahib and questions of presence of one million Mogul army in absence of any historical evidence. (Kindly see the evidence below in post). He further questioned that guru was on height and showered the arrows on Moguls and thus moguls couldn’t defeat khalsa.
My answer to him is in 1999, Pakistan took control of many peaks in Kargil including tiger hill but Indian army repulsed the attack and the enemy who had control on these peaks was killed and Indian army regained its control. Then why could the mighty mogul army in strength of one million was so helpless in front of guru and his 40 brave Sikhs that it couldn’t dare to face them?
He also criticizes on presence of one million Mogul army at Chamkaur Sahib and suggests to see the wikipedia or google search on battle of Chamkaur sahib.
To my surprise I once tried to edit wikipedia on this issue but some fake Sikh scholars who have published the books to distort Sikh history like HS Dilgeer had already given a reference from their published books and wikipedia was not ready to edit it.
Now I have a historical evidence with me. In Zafarnama-a letter written to Aurangzeb by guru Gobind Singh ji in which he mentions this strength in his own words. See as follows;
ਗੁਰਸਨਹ ਚਿਹ ਕਾਰੇ ਚਿਹਲ ਨਰ ॥ ਕਿ ਦਹ ਲਕ ਬਰਾਯਦ ਬਰੋ ਬੇਖ਼ਬਰ ॥੧੯॥
ਕਿ ਪੈਮਾਂ ਸ਼ਿਕਨ ਬੇਦਰੰਗ ਆਮਦੰਦ ॥ ਮਿਯਾਂ ਤੇਗ਼ੋ ਤੀਰੋ ਤੁਫ਼ੰਗ ਆਮਦੰਦ ॥੨੦॥
ਬ ਲਾਚਾਰਗੀ ਦਰਮਿਯਾਂ ਆਮਦਮ ॥ ਬ ਤਦਬੀਰਿ ਤੀਰੋ ਤੁਫ਼ੰਗ ਆਮਦਮ ॥੨੧॥
ਚੁ ਕਾਰ ਅਜ਼ ਹਮਹ ਹੀਲਤੇ ਦਰ ਗੁਜ਼ਸ਼ਤ ॥ ਹਲਾਲ ਅਸਤ ਬੁਰਦਨ ਬ ਸ਼ਮਸ਼ੀਰ ਦਸਤ ॥੨੨॥
Kindly see the second line of this para. It’s clearly written there that ki Dah Lak means ….that das lakh (one million), some historians have wrongly translated it as INFINITIVE.
Had I vowed even secretly on the book of my faith,
I would have withdrawn infantry and cavalry from the field. (18)
And, what could my forty men do (at Chamkaur), when a hundred thousand men, unawares, pounced upon them? (19)
The oath breakers attacked them, of a sudden, with swords, arrows and guns. (20)
I had, perforce to join battle with thy hosts,
And I too fought with the muskets and arrows as best as I could. (21)
You can read Guru Gobind Singh jee’s eye witness account of the Battle of Chamkaur in the Zafarnama, which can be downloaded from:
(Note: Guru jee wrote about the Battle of Chamkaur Sahib on pg. 7)
But when this letter was addressed and sent to Aurangzeb who was the king and supreme commander of Mogul army, how could there be a wrong number of presence of Mogul army mentioned? He (Aurangzeb) could object on it if it had been written falsely but he was so impressed from valor of Khalsa and the strong will of guru that he wished to have a meeting with guru to sort the issue forever, thus he invited Guru to meet in south (as he was proceeding south at that time). Guruji also proceed to meet him in south but soon he came to know of his sudden demise in Ahmadnagar. Unfortunately both couldn’t meet otherwise a different history would have written in India on that day.
These Sikhs fought with great valor, knowing well of their end but were so keen to get martyred in front of guru that they defeated Mogul army in every corner and set an unparallel valor in war history that none surrendered but got martyred and didn’t allow the Moguls to proceed even an inch forward from there place.
Guru jee saw that Nawab Wazir Khan wanted to take hold of the fort of Chamkaur in one attempt. The Nawab surrounded the fort with his armies. At this time the Singhs did a benti (request) to Guru Sahib that since there was no means of escaping the siege, for him to please escape with Sahibzadey. However Guru Sahib told them that there is no difference between the Singhs and the Sahibzadey. “You are all mine! We will be victorious and we will all be free.
Guru’s two sons got martyrdom in this battlefield but he was not shaken as he never discriminated in his own sons or Khalsa.
During the night, Bhai Daya Singh jee and Bhai Dharam Singh jee (two of the original Panj Piarey) along with Bhai Maan Singh jee and other singhs remained in the fort of Chamkaur Sahib. There were a total of 10 Singhs left. Now the Guru-roop Panj Piarey (Five Singhs) gave Hukam to Guru Sahib to leave the fort. Guru Sahib did not leave quietly.
On leaving, Guru Sahib blew his horn and stood on high ground and clapped his hands three times saying “Peeré Hind Rahaavat” (“The “Peer” of India is Leaving”).
But none dared to stop him.
And then he left the fortress.
Note: The mughal army and 22 hilly king’s forces were of 2.5.lacs, 1 lac Ranghars joined them, 2 lacs Pathan or Afghans also joined these forces. In area around Chamkaur Sahib local Gujjars joined Mughals in large nos which made total of 10 lacs.
The Aurangzeb kept 2 lacs troops under lahore due to fear of invasion of persian empire in earliest part of his rule.1 lac 50,000 troops were always there in Sirhind being the main milatary centre apart from these milatary bases the Mughal were able to mobile troops from Avadh, Agra the elite of troops. At that time Mughal India had Afghan military system.The Mughal system came from Afganistan. Punjab was the big state and was pillar of Mughal empire along with bengal and Avadhh. Apart from Mughala local Pathan tribes and rangars joined numbering 5 lacs.
The mughal forces that surrounded Guru ji at Anandpur Sahib consisted of forces from lahore under Zabardast Khan around 1.5 lacs as he was ordered by Emperor to collect all forces fro Majha to ATTACK.the hilly Kings under Ajmer Chand has 80,000 troops sirhind had 1 lac troops with 1 lac reserves and most important was the elite troops under Governor of Delhi the turkish musketeers and Most skilled Gunners in world 30,000 same troops were able to win many frontal battles for Mughals in south and in Rajputana. These battles were financed by hilly kings. Governor of Delhi was senior most official of Mughals after Emperor .The real commander in chief was Governor of Delhi who was killed on the first day of fighting in Chamkaur by an arrow of Guru ji. Other backed up forces of Kashmir, Avadh and Kabul but biggest surprise for the Sikhs was the sudden attack by 2 lacs Rangars at the other side of River Sirsa and followed up by 3 lacs Pathans and Gujjars who came volantarary for fighting .The enemy forces may be more than 10 lacs.
In deccan many times settlements were made and broken .The Punjab was located in main base of empire and Chamkaur saheb was surrounded on three sides up to 35 KM extending up to Kurali while seige was weak from side of Machiwara as certain no of population was loyal to Khalsa and had thick jungle with large moulds .Population is of litle significance in war. The punjab was second largest state after Bengal and Sirhind was commercial capital of asia like the present day Mumbai.
This was the valor of khalsa, if you leave a side the valor and martyrdom of these 40 Sikhs, Baba Deep Singh, one of the Sikh commanders who was initiated with Amrit by Guru Gobind Singh ji fought for many hours after he was beheaded near Amritsar fighting Moguls. He fought Moguls and chased them, forced them to evict Amritsar after his beheading and covered a distance of 8-9 kms before he entered in the boundry of old Amritsar city, he recited japuji sahib there and then threw his head from Chattiwind (now Gurudwara Shahidan, Amritsar) to the periphery of Darbar sahib which is nearly one km as crow flight.
In the end, I would like to say these critics specially Muslims who are taught about miracles of their Nabis, Paigambars etc. only should learn to honor the masters of other faiths also.
It was Guru Nanak first Guru, founder of Sikh religion who went to Mecca and Mecca turned to honor him from his place.
Ajmer Singh Randhawa.